More than 70% of India’s energy demand is fulfilled by fossil fuels, coal in particular. With the continuing rise in demand for electricity, the country’s dependence on coal is only expected to increase. However, India is currently witnessing a major shift in its energy pattern.
According to the International Energy Agency, for the first time India’s investment in solar power outpaced coal last year. The country’s move towards spending on renewables has been driven both by policy and by the rapidly falling costs of bringing solar power online.